Ontario Tree Species

We have listed over 30 tree species that are commonly found and thrive in the hardiness zone of Peterborough and the Kawartha Lakes. To refine your search, simply choose a descriptor from each of the drop down menus that best describes the growing conditions on your property.

Tamarack

Larix laricina
native, deciduous, blue-green leaves turning yellow in fall, 1/2″ long cones for fruit, slow-medium growth rate, popular choice for fall colour, often mistaken for an evergreen

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun

White Spruce

Picea glauca
native, evergreen, green needles, 2″ long cones, medium growth rate, can be planted as a specimen or a wind break

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Norway Spruce

Picea abies
non-native, evergreen, green needles, 6″ long cones, medium to fast growth rate, interesting pendulous branch structure

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Mesic
Sun
Sun

Colorado Spruce

Picea pungens
non-native, evergreen, gray to blue-green foliage, 4″ long cones, slow to medium growth rate, usually planted as a specimen due to distinct colour of foliage

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Serviceberry

Amelanchier canadensis
native, deciduous, light green leaves turning to yellow or orange or purple in fall, edible round berry fruit, medium growth rate, thin crown, works well in a naturalized area

Size
Small
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade, Shade

White Pine

Pinus strobus
native, evergreen, green needles 4″ long, cones 6″ long, fast growth rate, majestic in appearance, Ontario’s provincial tree

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Scots Pine

Pinus sylvestris
non-native, evergreen, green needles 3″ long, medium growth rate when young, slow when older, interesting flaky orange bark and awkward growth form

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Red Pine

Pinus resinosa
native, evergreen, green needles 6″ long, cones 2″ long, medium growth rate, commonly found in tree plantations

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Callery Pear

Pyrus calleryana ‘Chanticleer’
non-native, deciduous, green leaves sometimes fading to purple in fall, small cherry like green fruit, fast growth rate, fits well with a “manicured” property

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Red Oak

Quercus rubra
native, deciduous, green leaves turning to rustic red in the fall, acorn 1″ long, medium growth rate, beautiful massive specimen, “the mighty Oak”

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Bur Oak

Quercus macrocarpa
native, deciduous, green leaves turning pale yellow in fall, acorn 1″ long, slow growth rate, impressive specimen with interesting twisting branch structure

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Mulberry

Morus sp.
non-native, deciduous, dark green leaves, small cherry like fruit, fast growth rate, humans and birds enjoy eating the fruit

Size
Medium
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Sugar Maple

Acer saccharum
native, deciduous, green leaves turning yellow, orange or pale red in fall, produces maple key fruit, slow to medium growth rate, yields Maple syrup, majestic specimen tree

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Silver Maple

Acer saccharinum
native, deciduous, green leaves with silver undersides sometimes turning a pale yellow in the fall, produces maple key fruit, fast growth rate, popular specimen tree

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun

Freeman Maple

Acer rubrum ‘Freemanii’
non-native, deciduous, green leaves turning blotchy red or yellow in fall, produces maple key fruit, fast growth rate, splendid fall color makes it a popular choice

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Amur Maple

Acer ginnala
non-native, deciduous, green leaves turning yellow or red in fall, produces maple key fruit, medium growth rate, a very compact Maple suitable for limited spaces

Size
Small
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Black Locust

Robinia pseudoacacia
non-native, deciduous, bluish green leaves turning yellow green in the fall, 3″ flat pod fruit, fast growth rate, beautiful aromatic white flower display in spring, one of a kind “graveyard” like branch structure

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Little Leaf Linden

Tilia cordata
non-native, deciduous, green leaves turning yellow-green in fall, small green cherry shaped fruit, medium growth rate, very tolerant of poor soil, popular shade tree

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Ivory Silk Lilac

Syringa reticulate ‘Ivory Silk’
non-native, deciduous, green leaves, slow to medium growth rate, large flower show with powerful perfume like fragrance in spring, works well with manicured properties

Size
Small
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Ironwood

Ostrya virginiana
native, deciduous, dark green leaves turning yellow in the fall, hop like fruit, very slow growth rate, interesting plated bark

Size
Small
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Honey-Locust

Gleditsia triacanthos
non-native, deciduous, green leaves turning yellow in the fall, 8″ long pods for fruit, fast growth rate, interesting horizontal branch structure

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Bitternut Hickory

Carya cordiformis
native, deciduous, green leaves turning yellow in the fall, shelled nut with 4 ridges, slow growth rate, interesting fruit and strong bulky branch structure, makes an interesting specimen

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Mesic, Wet
Sun
Part Shade

Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis
native, evergreen, short green needles with white bands on underside, 1″ cones hang like tiny bells from the twigs, very slow growth rate, beautiful, strong, unique evergreen, prefers un-manicured natural areas

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic
Sun
Part Shade, Shade

Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis
native, deciduous, light green leaves turning yellow in the fall, produces a small cherry like fruit, medium to fast growth rate, interesting corky ridged bark

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Ginko

Ginko biloba
non-native, deciduous, fan shaped green leaves turning yellow in fall, produces naked seed 1 inch long, slow to medium growth rate, unique bark and mesmerizing leaf texture

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea
native, evergreen, green needles, produces cones after 20-30 years, slow growth rate, interesting smooth bark prior to maturity

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun

Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus alternifolia
native, deciduous, green leaves sometimes turning slightly purple in fall, produces a bluish cherry like fruit, slow growth rate when young turning to medium when established, interesting open crown with yellowish white flowers

Size
Small
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Part Shade, Shade

Flowering Crabapple

Malus sp.
non-native, deciduous, varied leaf colour depending on variety, apple fruit with a diameter less than 2″, slow to medium growth rate, popular choice for wide variety of flower show

Size
Small
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

White Cedar

Thuja occidentalis
native, evergreen, green scale like foliage, bell shaped cones 1/2″ long, slow to medium growth rate, common tree for hedging or windbreak, very tough

Size
Medium
Soil
Sandy, Loam
Moisture
Dry, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade, Shade

Catalpa

Catalpa speciosa
non-native, deciduous, extremely large green leaves, produces long bean like fruit, medium to fast growth rate, produces beautiful white tube like flowers Hackberry- native, deciduous, light green leaves turning yellow in the fall, produces a small cherry like fruit, medium to fast growth rate, interesting corky ridged bark

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Basswood

Tillia americana
native, deciduous, large green leaves turning slightly yellow in the fall, small green cherry shaped fruit, medium growth rate, prefers un-manicured natural areas

Size
Tall
Soil
Loam, Clay
Moisture
Mesic, Wet
Sun
Part Shade, Shade

White Ash

Fraxinus americana
native, deciduous, satin green leaves turning yellow and purple in the fall, tassel shaped fruit, medium growth rate, popular for their fall colour

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic
Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Green Ash

Fraxinus pennsylvanica
native, deciduous, glossy green leaves turning yellow in the fall, samara shaped fruit, fast growth rate, tough tree in nutrient deficient soils

Size
Tall
Soil
Sandy, Loam, Clay
Moisture
Dry, Mesic, Wet
Sun
Sun, Part Shade